Recently, the Ebola virus has increasingly become a sensational topic. In fact, the majority of today’s society doesn’t ultimately comprehend the severity of this disease. However, being ignorant to this topic is only going to hurt you. These days, multiple students incorporate it into their daily sarcastic remarks or tease their coughing friends by calling them carriers of the disease. In order for you to grasp the brutality of this disease, you should learn more about it. The following are the most common questions regarding this virus. By reading the following responses, you are gaining insight and being informed about this disease. After all, “knowledge is the cure for ignorance.”
What exactly is the Ebola virus and how severe is it?
Ebola is a deadly virus that will ultimately lead to one’s death. It causes bleeding inside and outside the body while destroying one’s organs and immune system. Unfortunately, this disease kills up to 90% of the victims infected with it. The death rate ranged from 50% -100%. Those who survive this disease may still face certain complications.
What is the history of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
This virus had originated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Western Africa) in 1976. There were about 318 victims whom carried the virus of whom 88% passed away. Since then, there had occurred multiple other Ebola outbreaks. Ebola gets its name from the Ebola River; a surrounding area where it had first been discovered. Majority of the patients infected with this virus are members of a small/ medium- sized towns. Africans have attempted to isolate these areas until the disease diminished but have failed. This new outbreak had started in March 2014. The patients, unknowingly, began visiting other larger countries in Africa. In fact, Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone, have become the “epicentre of the world’s worst Ebola epidemic.”
What causes it?
This virus is spread from wild animals to humans. Specifically, researchers are releasing that the wild animal may be a fruit bat. The cause of the Ebola fever is Ebola virus infection. This infection results in abnormalities such as bleeding, development of a rash, damage to the liver and massive viruses in the blood. Bleeding becomes internally and externally. One may bleed from his/ her nasal passages, mouth, gums and even from the eyes. The following inevitably results to blood and fluid loss and causes death in many infected patients.
What are symptoms of this disease?
Carrying a few of the following symptoms does not necessarily imply that you may have the disease. The only way you can truly find out is through taking certain blood test such as ELISA, PCR, and virus isolation that will provide accurate results. Early symptoms include; fever, headache, weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach discomfort, less of an appetite, and muscle discomfort. During the progression of the disease patients will develop a rash, eye redness, sore throat, cough, chest pain, difficulty breathing/swallowing, and bleeding externally and internally.
How does the virus spread?
Humans tend to spread this virus through blood or contact of any other bodily fluids of an infected person. Ebola is mainly infectious when the individual begins to show its symptoms. People surrounding the person such as family and friends are the most likely to become infected with Ebola. Coughing will not necessarily infect another person unless some saliva is spit from the mouth as well. But one should always take precaution. Simple measures such as wiping your toilet seat or watching for contaminated needles can protect you from this deadly disease and save you, along with everyone around you, from it. However, just because a nurse gets a dab of blood from her infected patient does not mean she will suddenly carry Ebola. If the nurse washes her hands and the blood does not intervene with any of her bodily fluids (through cuts) she will be fine.
How has Ebola reached the states?
Recently, individuals within the US have encountered this rare disease. Almost all of them have become infected by going to Africa and witnessing others whom carried this disease. These individuals then return to the states unaware of their virus and may transmit it to others. The government is attempting to bring this issue to a halt especially after Duncan’s case.
Thomas Eric Duncan was the first patient to ever die of Ebola in the US. He had decided to visit his near relatives in Liberia and upon returning was discovered to be contaminated with this rare disease. Unfortunately, Duncan’s nurse, Nina Pham also became a victim of this fatal disease. Nina is the first person to contact the disease within the US. Sadly, Pham is not the first, nor the last person to become infected. Other individuals whom have gone to Africa in order to support and aide their people have also returned with Ebola.
Can Ebola become a threat within the US?
No. Although the Ebola virus is contagious, it “is not going to come to the United States and become embedded in the United States.” According to certain officials, Medical services are quick to catch up with the disease based off a patient’s travel history. They are then able to isolate those individuals and attempt to prevent from further spread. Furthermore, officials claim that this disease is mainly spread through the traditional burial customs in Africa that include the cleansing of the bodies. In America, however, such traditions do not exist.
Is there a treatment?
Currently, there is not a vaccine or medicine that is available for Ebola. Vaccines are being tested, but none are known to be successful and prescribed to the public. According to CDC (Center for Disease Control), there has been a few supportive therapies that can definitely improve one’s rate of survival; balancing a patient’s fluid, maintaining oxygen and blood pressure, as well as treating other occurring infections. Recovery can also occur depending on the strength of one’s immune system. With a weak immune system, one is more likely to suffer from this fatal disease. As of now, it is not clear whether you can still become infected after having recovered or whether you will suffer certain obstacle. A few patients whom have recovered from Ebola have faced long- term complications regarding their vision and their joints.
Can this virus be prevented?
Definitely; avoiding visiting certain countries that carry the virus in Africa would greatly lessen the possibility of suffering the virus. Staying as far away from Ebola infected patients is also extremely crucial. Certain people whom may be greatly at risk include medical caregivers and family members. Such individuals must take extreme precaution by constantly wearing gloves, gowns, goggles, and a mask around the patient. As mentioned earlier, taking certain health precautions will also be beneficial. If going near an area affected by the Ebola outbreak practicing careful hygiene is vital. Certain safety measures include; washing your hands with soap and water, covering your mouth, avoiding an infected patient’s www.cialisvsviagranow.com blood, or even contaminated objects such as needles, bedding, and clothes. One should avoid funeral or burial rituals that involve handling the body of someone who has died from the Ebola Virus.
Why hasn’t a country come up with a treatment for such a life-threatening virus?
According to Forbes, patients who have been taken to elite facilities have survived the Ebola infection. In fact, five of the six have survived with a survival rate of 83.3%. This survival rate is in fact much better than the survival rate in Africa. Unfortunately, the countries in Africa are currently in poverty and lack advanced technology within their hospitals; hence their inability to discover any vaccinations or treatments for this virus.
How are current patients being handled?
In the US, there has only been one patient to die of Ebola. The US government has taken certain measures to insure that this virus will not spread. Recently, there have been a few carriers of the disease but they are either required to remain in their households until they are fully cured or they are quarantined. These patients have all been associated with travelers from West Africa. According to CDC (Center for Disease Control), certain guidelines have also been revised to insure the protection and prevent spreading Ebola in hospitals.
How and why does this concern us?
Sure, this disease mainly occurs in countries within Africa, however; that does not mean we should be uneducated and unaware about the severity of this illness. One must take certain health measures and take part in preventing the spread of Ebola instead of making mocking remarks about it. In total 4, 877 people have died so far and the number of people infected in Western Africa is around 10,000.
There are numerous questions left unanswered regarding this lethal sickness. Ebola Virus is a critical matter that deserves to be taught about and this article only covers a brief outline of it. By truly comprehending the significance of this matter, you may leave the Ebola jokes aside when making fun of your friends next time.